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Scientists halt diabetes with insulin cells

Please have a look here


May 16th 2018

Number of children diagnosed with type 2 diabetes rockets by 25 per cent in just four years

The number of children and teenagers with type 2 diabetes – a condition more typically associated with middle age – has soared by 25 per cent in just four years.

The condition is caused by eating too much and exercising too little. It is not usually diagnosed until later in life because it tends to take years for problems to accumulate to such an extent that blood sugar levels spiral dangerously out of control.

The latest figures show that in 2016-17, the number of people under 20 with type 2 diabetes was 1,043 – the first time it has risen above 1,000. In March 2013, the figure stood at 836.

If left uncontrolled, type 2 diabetes can lead to blindness, infections resulting in amputations, and an early death.

Tam Fry, of the National Obesity Forum, said the 25 per cent rise had occurred because

Britain had ‘totally failed to stop obesity in its tracks in the early years’

One in three children leaving primary school is now overweight or obese, according to the National Child Measurement Programme.

In the worst areas one in two is affected. Mr Fry said: ‘We have ignored these rises in childhood obesity. Now we are living with the consequences.’

As The Mail on Sunday reported last week, TV chef Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall has accused Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt of ‘running scared’ over the issue. 

He revealed he wanted to question Mr Hunt on his series Britain’s Fat Fight over whether the Government planned to curb junk food adverts aimed at youngsters but had been fobbed off.

A Health Department spokesman defended the Government’s record on diabetes, saying: ‘There is nowhere in the world setting more stringent sugar reduction targets than this Government has set.

‘We are also taxing sugary drinks, helping children to exercise more and funding research on junk food advertising. We are monitoring progress closely and have not ruled out taking further action.’

May 8th 2018

How to prevent your child from developing type 2 diabetes

With obesity rates on the rise – and, perhaps most importantly, on the rise in children – type 2 diabetes is an ever increasing strain on the NHS.

While manageable, it's a disease best avoided.

Diabetes affects how the body glucose, which is the main type of sugar in the blood.

Glucose is sourced from the food we eat. To process it, we need a hormone called insulin. Diabetes inhibits this from happening properly.

Before we look at how to help kids avoid developing diabetes, here are the two types so that you can differentiate, if you're unaware. The NHS has the information handy.

What is diabetes?

1. Type 1 diabetes, in which the immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys the cells that make insulin.

2. Type 2 diabetes, in which the pancreas can still make insulin, but the body doesn't respond to it properly.

In both forms, glucose can't get into human cells properly. This causes a rise in blood sugar levels, which can lead to serious health complications.

Type 1 cannot be prevented. Doctors can't tell who's going to get it – simply, it's the luck of the draw. Today, the disease can be treated and people don't have to get ill.

In both types of diabetes, glucose can't get into the cells normally. This causes a rise in blood sugar levels, which can make someone sick if not treated.

It's not contagious nor is it hereditary. It's just there and your doctor will best guide you in dealing with it.

Type 2 though is developed over time. And is preventable in many cases, especially in children.

Is my child at risk of diabetes?

Excessive weight gain, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle are all things that put youngsters at risk in later life.

Today, more kids and teens are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes than ever before due to unhealthy lifestyles.

Diets high in sugar and fat contribute to the likelihood of getting diabetes. A lack of exercise also isn't good.

It's true that some people are more susceptible to developing the disease than others. Some racial groups are at heightened risk too. But the best thing to do for your kids is give them the best possible chance of avoiding type 2 diabetes.

NHS facts on diabetes in kids

·       Diabetes is a condition where a person’s normal hormonal mechanisms do not control their blood sugar levels.

·       About one in 700 school-age children has diabetes.

·       Children with diabetes normally need to have daily insulin injections, monitor their blood glucose level and eat regularly.

·       Diabetes in children and young people is increasing.

·       Over 31,500 young people under the age of 19 in the UK are diagnosed with diabetes. Of these, about 95% have type 1 diabetes (insulin deficiency) whereas the remainder are largely type 2 where insulin is produced but does not act properly.

·       Managing the demands of diabetes in daily life can be challenging: currently only 18.4% of children in the UK are achieving the recommended level of blood sugar (glycaemia) control.

How can I protect my children from developing type 2 diabetes?

These steps are provided by Diabetes UK, the leading charity in tackling the disease.

• Make sure kids eat a healthy diet. Encouraging your kids to eat low-fat, nutrient-rich foods – like whole-grain cereals and breads, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and lean proteins – can help prevent excessive weight gain, a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

• Limit sugary foods and beverages. Consuming lots of sugar-filled foods and beverages – like sodas, juices, and iced teas – can lead to excessive weight gain.

• Encourage lots of physical activity. Staying active and limiting the time spent in sedentary activities – like watching TV, being online, or playing video or computer games – can help reduce the risk of weight gain and help prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes. Being active can be as simple as walking the dog or mowing the lawn. Try to do something that gets you and your kids moving every day.

Diabetes in children

If your child is overweight and at risk, talk to your doctor, a nutritionist or a dietician.

With them, set goals and stick to them – it'll take hard-line parenting. But if medical professionals deem it necessary, it's worth trying.

"Type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes because it tended to occur mainly in people over the age of 40," The Conversation reports.

"But as obesity levels around the world continue to soar, so has the number of young adults with the disease."

Having diabetes at a young age can have a huge impact on later life.

If not properly treated, diabetes can lead to blindness, cause kidney failure, and even mean limb amputation.

All of these factors still require more research. The risk and cause is known, but how such serious health complications arise as a result of diabetes is still being studied.

Simon Fraser, Clinical Lecturer in Public Health, University of Southampton, writes in the The Conversation that such large-scale behavioural changes – which would help prevent diabetes rates continuing to soar – is tricky.

School intervention isn't thought to have hugely positive results. It appears a healthy lifestyle is best implemented at home.

Exercise and a good diet is key. And this is already being encouraged by governments, health organisations and charities around the world. It just need to be put into action for children.


April 6th 2018

Sugar could be sabotaging your sex life: From erectile dysfunction to weaker orgasms - all the ways sweet stuff crushes your passion, and how to beat it

Many of us are considering the effects of consuming too much sugar on our long-term health. 

One such effect is increasing our risk of type 2 diabetes, which is now at epidemic proportions, with no signs of slowing down.

Millions of people may have type 2 diabetes but don't know they have it, health officials warn.

Yet few of us know the devastating effects that type 2 diabetes can have on our bodies and our lives including blindness, increased risk of heart attack and foot problems.

And what only a tiny proportion of us know is that type 2 diabetes can seriously affect our sex lives.      SHARE SELECTI

Sugar could be sabotaging your sex life: From erectile dysfunction to weaker orgasms - all the ways sweet stuff crushes your passion, and how to beat it

·       Nutritionist Cassandra Barns warns sugar impacts sex by affecting blood flow

·       A survey found 80% of us don't realize how our sugary diets damage our health

·       Here we explain the consequences and 5 ways to prevent these issues 

Many of us are considering the effects of consuming too much sugar on our long-term health. 

One such effect is increasing our risk of type 2 diabetes, which is now at epidemic proportions, with no signs of slowing down.

Millions of people may have type 2 diabetes but don't know they have it, health officials warn.

Yet few of us know the devastating effects that type 2 diabetes can have on our bodies and our lives including blindness, increased risk of heart attack and foot problems.

And what only a tiny proportion of us know is that type 2 diabetes can seriously affect our sex lives.  

A new survey found 80 percent of us don't realize how our sugary diets are damaging our health. By impacting our blood flow, it could be playing havoc with our sex lives

Sugar and sexual performance

A survey carried out by CuraLin Diabetic Supplement on 2,022 Brits found a lack of awareness of some of the more serious consequences of type 2 diabetes – including its effects in the bedroom. Eighty percent of people questioned did not know that type 2 diabetes could lead to erectile dysfunction.

This happens because high blood sugar causes damage to the nerves and blood vessels, decreasing sensitivity and making it more difficult for a man to get an erection. High blood pressure and heart disease, which often accompany diabetes, can also contribute to the problem.

Type 2 diabetes may affect women's sexual function too because the damage it causes to blood vessels can affect blood supply to the vagina and clitoris, causing dryness and reduced arousal along with nerve damage. Both can affect sensitivity, meaning reduced pleasure and difficulty reaching orgasm.

Now, if you're having problems in the bedroom, this doesn't mean you have diabetes. But if you also have other risk factors, such as being overweight, or regularly indulging in sugary foods, it could be worth seeing a doctor to get a check up.

The CuraLin survey also found that over half the people questioned didn't know that type 2 diabetes could lead to heart disease (62 percent), blindness (53 percent) or loss of limbs (54 percent) – all potential consequences of long-term uncontrolled blood sugar.

What are we doing about it?

Lack of awareness aside, the research also found that once diagnosed, Type 2 diabetes sufferers aren't doing enough to manage their disease.

CuraLin's survey revealed that 25 percent of sufferers are not exercising for even 30 minutes a day, despite medical and government advice. Plus, although 75 percent were aware there are natural supplements that could lower blood sugar levels or reverse the condition, only a mere 21 percent take them.

Can we prevent or reverse the effects of type 2 diabetes?

London GP Dr Wendy Denning, emphasises that there is plenty that those suffering with the condition can do to help themselves. 

'There are ways that people can reverse and manage the disease through exercise, diet, sleep and natural supplements,' says Dr Denning. 

'These approaches can be used in conjunction with the medication that your doctor prescribes, which can be reduced as blood sugar decreases.'

5 steps to managing your blood sugar

A healthy diet is key to managing your blood sugar, whether you have type 2 diabetes, or simply think you could be eating too much sugar or refined foods. If you are concerned about the risks, here are five steps you can take to get back in control.

1. Processed foods out, whole foods in

Most processed foods contain refined carbohydrates or added sugars that can quickly spike your blood sugar. Switch away from white breads, pastries and sugary breakfast cereals and move towards whole grains, pulses, vegetables and whole fruit. Aim to prepare meals with fresh ingredients wherever you can.

2. Swap out the sugary snacks and drinks

Go for whole fruits, nuts or seeds, natural yogurt with berries, carrot sticks with hummus, or some nut butter or cream cheese on an oatcake. All of these will help to balance blood sugar by breaking down and releasing their sugars slowly into the blood. Fruit juices are counted as 'sugary drinks' too and should only be an occasional treat.

3. Ramp up the vegetables and protein 

Aim for low-starch vegetables such as green veg or salad vegetables to make up half your plate at each meal. Their fibre helps to keep you fuller for longer and will balance out your blood sugar. They are also low in calories – bonus. (This doesn't include potatoes however, as they're higher in starch.)

A good source of protein with every meal is super-important, too. Protein helps to keep you feeling full and slows down the release of carbohydrates and sugars in the meal. Good sources include lean meats, fish, eggs, natural dairy products such as feta cheese, nuts and seeds – one of these should make up around a quarter of your meal.

Then, the remaining quarter can be a good source of slow-releasing carbohydrates such as brown rice, sweet potato, wholegrain pasta or oatcakes.

4. Be a label detective 

If you are buying pre-packaged foods, watch out for hidden sugars. They can be in everything from cereals, to breads, to sauces, to ready meals, to tinned foods. And they can be under numerous names: glucose, dextrose, honey, syrups and malt are just some of them. Generally, over five grams per hundred grams (five percent) of sugar is considered a high sugar product, so check the levels on the label.

5. Go easy on the booze 

Alcohol can play havoc with your blood sugar too. Long-term drinking can encourage both weight gain and insulin resistance, both of which increase your risk of diabetes. And if you're concerned about sugar sabotaging your sex life, alcohol will only make things worse! Stick to the recommended maximum 14 units a week… or cut it out altogether.

In addition… exercise and a good night's sleep are vital to managing blood sugar and reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes.


April 5th 2018

Blood sugar and glucose levels: What they mean, and what they should be

Your blood sugar level is in constant flux, depending on what you've eaten, when you ate it, and what you did afterwards. A finger-prick blood test can ascertain your level at any moment in the day – it's a crucial tool for diabetes sufferers, as they need to manage their body's insulin response. 

In people with diabetes, explains Dr Soon Song, a consultant physician and diabetologist at BMI Thornbury Hospital in South Yorkshire and Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, the blood glucose levels are raised both before and after a meal.

“In a healthy individual without diabetes,” he says, “the body produces the correct amount of insulin from the pancreas to normalise the blood glucose level. But in diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin and/or the body is not able to use the glucose effectively due to lack of responsiveness to insulin action (known as insulin resistance).

“So the blood glucose level rises to abnormally high levels, which puts pressure on the body’s organs and nerves. causing permanent damage.”

What is blood sugar and glucose?

Sugar is a carbohydrate found naturally in food. There are different types of sugars: glucose belongs to a type of sugar called monosaccharides or simple sugar. It is the primary source of energy and the body tissues need glucose to function normally, especially the brain. “The terms blood sugar and blood glucose are often used interchangeably and refer to the amount of glucose carried in the blood,” says Dr Song.

What is a normal blood sugar level?

Blood sugar level refers to the amount of glucose in the blood, sometimes known as blood glucose; the concentration of glucose in the blood is expressed in mmol/l.

In healthy people without diabetes, your blood glucose should measure between 4.0-5.5 mmol/l before a meal and should be less than 8.0 mmol/l two hours after a meal.

The blood glucose level is also measured by glycated haemoglobin, HbA1c, which gives information on the average blood glucose level over the last 2-3 months. A healthy person without diabetes should have HbA1c less than 42 mmol/mol.

Diabetes is diagnosed when the fasting blood glucose is greater than 7.0 mmol/l, random blood glucose greater than 11.1 mmol/l, or HbA1c greater than 48 mmol/mol.

A fasting blood glucose level between 5.5 and 6.9 mmol/l or HbA1c between 42 and 47 mmol/mol may indicate increased risk for type 2 diabetes, particularly those with obesity, family history of diabetes or from certain ethnic groups.

What happens if I don’t control my blood sugar?

Poorly controlled blood glucose levels can lead to health complications, warns Dr Song. “High glucose levels over a prolonged period, usually over several years, can damage the blood vessels in the eyes, kidneys, nerves and legs (peripheral vascular disease and gangrene). It can cause a heart attack or stroke. Apart from poor diabetes control, high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels also contribute to these complications. These risk factors are common in type 2 diabetes. Adequate treatment of the blood pressure and cholesterol levels are as important as managing the glucose control to reduce the complications.

“Type 2 diabetes is often not diagnosed in the early stages due to lack of symptoms. As a consequence, approximately 50 per cent of people with type 2 diabetes have some form of complications at diagnosis.”

What are low blood sugar symptoms?

Low blood glucose is also known as hypoglycaemia. It is defined by blood glucose below 4 mmol/l.

“In the early stages of hypoglycaemia,” says Dr Song, “the body will react by releasing hormones such as adrenaline to warn that the blood glucose is going low so that actions can be taken to reverse the hypoglycaemia.

“This causes symptoms include palpitations, hunger, feeling warm or flushed, tremulous and sweaty.

“If the blood glucose falls lower, brain function will be affected resulting in confusion, irritability, aggressive behaviour, seizure and coma.

“Since the brain is highly dependent on glucose to function, frequent hypoglycaemia can cause cognitive impairment.”

Some people with diabetes may have hypoglycaemia unawareness where the warning symptoms are weak, especially during the early stages of hypoglycaemia. This usually occurs in those with long duration of diabetes, tight diabetes control or frequent hypoglycaemia. This condition is potentially dangerous as the patient is unaware the blood glucose is going low and therefore, not able to correct the low blood glucose at an early stage until it is too late when the brain function is affected. If untreated, prolonged severe hypoglycaemia can cause permanent brain damage. 

What are the symptoms of high blood sugar?

The symptoms of high blood sugar occur when diabetes is uncontrolled, regardless of the type of diabetes. Typically, the patient experiences thirst, dry mouth, frequent urination, blurred vision and tiredness. In more extreme cases, weight loss can occur. 

How to monitor and test your blood sugar levels

At home, the blood glucose level can be checked by the person with diabetes using a finger prick test with a blood glucose meter. This method checks the glucose level in the capillary blood obtained from the finger prick.

“It is important that the finger is clean and not contaminated by any glucose-containing material when this test is done,” says Dr Song “as otherwise, it can lead to erroneous results. 

“This self-monitoring of blood glucose can help to guide diabetes treatment, especially with insulin injections, that will achieve a satisfactory glucose control.”

Feb 16th 2018

Two-thirds of Brits won't go to the doctor for fear of getting bad news

Two-thirds of Brits would put off going to the doctor - because they are scared they will receive bad news, according to research.

A study of 2,400 adults revealed 61 per cent would consider delaying a GP appointment for fear of being told they have a serious illness.

And over half would hold off seeking medical attention because they are worried about how a diagnosis could affect their family.

The research was commissioned by AbbVie, as part of their Live:Lab project, in line with the launch of their new gamified quiz ‘Crush your FOFO’.

The quiz creates a deeper understanding around the psychological health phenomenon that experts are calling the ‘Fear of Finding Out’ (FOFO).

“Crush Your FOFO”, www.crushyourfofo.co.uk , can be played online to help experts and the public better understand the Fear of Finding Out, and empower individuals to seek medical attention when needed.

Mark McGovern, 47 from Devon, ignored worrying health symptoms for years, with devastating consequences.

Back in 2011, Mark, father-of-three, started to experience increased urination, excessive thirst, pins and needles, and tiredness.

But describing himself as a provider for his family, he explained he was reluctant to see a doctor in case it resulted in time off work.

Mark, foreman at a turf company, said: “I always thought the symptoms had just been a sign of getting older, and never saw them as being anything serious enough to bother a doctor with.

“It’s also widely reported in the news how over-stretched our GPs and NHS are, and so I didn’t want to bother them with my little symptoms.

“I am a typical bloke – as long as I can get up and go to work there’s no point bothering the doctor, well that was my attitude then anyway.”

After sitting on his “little” symptoms for five years, Mark’s health took a dramatic turn for the worse in 2016, when he suffered a transient ischaemic attack (commonly known as a mini-stroke), quickly followed by a full stroke.

A stroke is a serious and life-threatening medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off, and is most common in older people over 70. It was therefore a frightening and confusing time for Mark, who was only 45 at the time.

“From the moment I was put in the ambulance I was scared. I actually thought I was dying. When I got to hospital I was rushed in and there were people all around hooking me up to monitors, putting cannulas in, and asking me questions – it was really frightening,” Mark remembers.

It was only then, during Mark’s stay in hospital, that doctors identified he had been living with type 2 diabetes for years, and that the underlying condition was likely the cause of his stroke.

According to the Stroke Association’s recent State of the Nation report released earlier this month, if not properly managed, type 2 diabetes almost doubles the risk of stroke within the first five years of onset.

Mark recalls: “The doctor went on to tell that me this was the main cause of my stroke

"It had gone undiagnosed for too long and if I had gone to my GP earlier, then the stroke would not have happened; and now that a stroke has happened, it makes it more likely for me to have more.

“Knowing what I know now, if I had gone to my GP earlier, I would have got the help I needed which could have avoided the stroke.

"I also wouldn’t have had so much time off work which put me into financial difficultly, a problem that still affects me now.

“I am on daily medication which I will now be on for the rest of my life.

“It’s all really impacted on my work as I find it hard to do the same as what I used to due to a lack of energy.

"I have to be extra careful I don't cut myself because I am now on blood thinners. My employer is concerned about me being on jobs on my own, which could mean a wage reduction which I cannot afford. Basically I am not the man I used to be.

“All this because I didn’t go to the doctor in the first place. That’s a lot to sacrifice for ignoring symptoms.

“My advice to anyone who notices anything different to normal health, no matter how small, get it checked. You can ask your GP, talk to your pharmacist or ring 111 for advice. Or speak to family and friends if you are scared, just do whatever you can to not ignore it.

“It's important to be more health conscious throughout middle age, especially if you have a family and the sooner you can identify a problem the sooner you can get treatment, or it could be irreversible.

“And to men like me, you can still be a "man’s man" and look after your health – it is not a sign of weakness.”

Dec 19th 2017

Social participation in clubs and groups has been linked to a lower risk of diabetes.

A study found that socially isolated individuals were diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes more often than individuals with larger social networks.

A lack of participation in clubs or other social groups was associated with 60% higher odds of pre-diabetes and 112% higher odds of type 2 diabetes in women compared to those with normal glucose metabolism.

In men, lack of social participation was associated with 42% higher odds of type 2 diabetes, the research carried out in the Netherlands found.

Men living alone was also associated with 94% higher odds of Type 2 diabetes.

Dr Miranda Schram, of Maastricht University, said: “High-risk groups for Type 2 diabetes should broaden their network and should be encouraged to make new friends, as well as become members of a club, such as a volunteer organisation, sports club or discussion group.

“As men living alone seem to be at a higher risk for the development of Type 2 diabetes, they should become recognised as a high-risk group in health care. In addition, social network size and participation in social activities may eventually be used as indicators of diabetes risk.”

Lead author Stephanie Brinkhues said: “We are the first to determine the association of a broad range of social network characteristics – such as social support, network size or type of relationships – with different stages of type 2 diabetes.

“Our findings support the idea that resolving social isolation may help prevent the development of Type 2 diabetes.”

But they pointed out that the study does not allow for cause and effect, as early changes in glucose metabolism may cause people to feel tired and unwell, which could explain why individuals limit their social participation.

Nov 25th 2017

Using mouthwash twice a day increasing a person's chances of contracting diabetes by 50 per cent, a new study has claimed.

Scientists in the US claim those using over-the-counter mouthwash twice a day run a significantly higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

The author of the study, Professor Kamudi Joshipura, says mouthwash kills helpful as well as harmful bacteria, destroying those that protect against diabetes and obesity.

Prof Joshipura, a professor of epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health, found the risks were heightened for all mouthwash users, regardless of sex, weight or diet.

He said: "Most of these antibacterial ingredients in mouthwash are not selective.

"In other words, they do not target specific oral bacteria. Instead, these ingredients can act on a broad range of bacteria [including the protective ones]."

Another study, published earlier this year, found that some mouth bacteria help protect against both diabetes and obesity.

Leading diabetes experts in the UK have so far said it is too early to comment on whether dropping mouthwash could help protect against the condition.

Nov 23rd 2017

Diabetes is “decimating men”, with one in 10 now affected, a report by a men’s health charity has warned.

The report, created by the Men’s Health Forum, highlights that men are 26% more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than women, which can potentially have life-changing or even life-ending consequences.

The researchers also found that men are more likely to be overweight than women (with a body mass index of 25+), which is known to raise the risk of type 2 diabetes. However, men are also more likely to develop diabetes at a lower BMI than women.

Despite this, men are less likely to be aware that they are overweight or to participate in weight management programmes.

In light of the findings, the charity has called on the National Diabetes Prevention Programme to be better designed and delivered in ways that work for men.

Looking at NHS data, the research uncovered that the vast majority (69.6%) of diabetes patients presenting with a foot ulcer are men.

Furthermore, men were found to more be likely impacted by diabetic retinopathy -

which can affect eyesight - than women.

Worryingly, the stats indicated men are also more than twice as likely to have a major amputation as a result of diabetes than women.

Finally, the charity warned that men are more likely to suffer premature death as a result of diabetes than women.

The age-standardised mortality rate for men with an underlying cause of death as diabetes mellitus was found to be 40% higher than it is for women.

In light of the findings, the charity has called on health policy makers and practitioners to better engage men through:

NHS Health Checks

Routine eye tests

Weight management programmes

Diabetes education programmes

Martin Tod, chief executive of the Men’s Health Forum commented: “Men are more likely to get diabetes. More likely to suffer complications. More likely to face amputation as a result of diabetes. And more likely to die from diabetes.

“Diabetes is hitting men especially hard, but too little is being done to understand the problem and tackle the problem. The Men’s Health Forum wants to see a serious programme of research and investment to ensure men get the support and care they need to prevent and manage diabetes.

“The toxic combination of ever more men being overweight, men getting diabetes at a lower BMI and health services that don’t work well enough for working age men is leading to a crisis. We need urgent action.”

Peter Baker, Men’s Health Forum associate and the report author, added: “Diabetes has been described as a national health emergency but the burden of the disease on men has not been fully recognised or responded to by health policymakers and practitioners.

“What’s now urgently needed is an approach that takes full account of sex and gender differences so that both men and women’s outcomes can be improved.”

In response to the report, Professor Jonathan Valabhji, NHS England’s national clinical director for obesity and diabetes, told The Telegraph: “Men are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes with a lack of exercise, poor diet and being overweight all risk factors to developing type 2 over time.

“Across the majority of England people at high risk can now get help on the NHS’s diabetes prevention programme, which is seeing almost as many men attend as women - a much higher proportion than usually seen in weight loss programmes.”

April 5th 2017

Sugar gets a bad reputation. And for a good reason. There are multiple unusual side effects of sugar. Added sugar can have multiple effects on the body, including its contribution to teeth decay, weight gain, heart disease, and yes, even cancer. But there is another side effect of sugar that nobody is talking about.

Natural vs. Artificial Sugar

The main difference between natural sugar and high fructose corn syrup is the balance of fructose and glucose in high-fructose corn syrup.

As the name suggests, there is more fructose in the syrup than in regular sugar. The difference, however, is that an apple contains fiber and other nutritious elements that outweigh its sugar content.

So how does an excess of sugar make one gain weight?

How It Works

When you ingest sugar, the liver metabolizes the fructose and converts it into fat. The spike in triglycerides also leads to a reduced amount of HDL cholesterol (or the 'good' kind of cholesterol).

What Too Much Sugar Can Do to You

Ingesting too much sugar hurts the metabolism and, over time, it weakens it. This causes metabolic dysfunction, meaning your insulin stops working properly. This is one major side effect that most people are unaware of.

This side effect can directly lead to obesity, heart disease, and type II diabetes. In addition, added sugar is especially addictive. So the more sugar you eat, the more likely you'll become addicted and reliant on it.

The best way to cut back on your sugar intake is to be aware of what and how much you eat. A sugary treat every once in a while is normal. Overindulgence in anything is where it gets dangerous. So, overall eat those foods with high sugar in moderation and remember healthy eating may be easier than you think.

June 8th

Did you know that you should not use Bazuka wart remover if you are diabetic, read the small print on the leaflet.

Scientists halt diabetes with insulin cells

A cure for type I diabetes has been brought closer why scientists who halted the conditions for six months using insulin producing cells

Researchers from American hospitals and institutions including Harvard University transplanted cells into mice the researchers were able to show they could prevent the cells being rendered useless by the body's immune system which was effectively "switched off" the findings potentially provide signals towards finding a cure for type I diabetes, which affects four hundred thousand people in Britain. Scientists are working to replicate the results in patients with the condition.

Scientists led by Doug Melton a professor at Harvard, discovered in late two thousand fourteen how to make huge quantities of insulin-producing cells. The islet cells used for the latest research were generated from human stem cells developed by Professor Melton

After implantation in the mice, the sales began to produce insulin in response to blood glucose levels, which remained within a healthy range for the length of the study. The findings were published in the journals Nature Medicine and in Nature Biotechnology.

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