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July 21st 2017

Two people have been killed and five more seriously injured on the Greek island of Kos after tourist destinations around the Aegean Sea were rocked by a 6.5-magnitude earthquake in the early hours. A further 200 people in Greek and Turkish coastal towns were injured.

Travel around the area is expected to be heavily affected, the UK government said, as many families prepare to head to the eastern Mediterranean for their summer holidays.

A holidaymaker in the Greek island of Kos, Michael Heckmann, told the Guardian: “It was very scary – the whole room was shaking when the earthquake hit. We were woken up when the beds were shaking and bending.”

He was staying with his wife and four children, aged 10, eight, five and one, at a hotel in the north of the island. “When I stood up, I was still being shaken and the whole room seemed to be moving around. It was really frightening. I woke up all my kids and told them we had to get outside. It was my first earthquake and was very scary,” Heckmann said.

Tom Riesack, who is staying at a resort in north-east Kos with his wife and nine-year-old twins, said: “We were literally shaken out of our beds from deep sleep. The whole room was shaking and we fled the room into the open.”

Riesack added that he and his family could still feel “scary” aftershocks, which experts have said could continue for up to two more weeks.

The earthquake struck at the start of the peak tourist season for Kos and Bodrum, Turkey, with many travellers expected to arrive in the coming weeks. This weekend would typically be one of the busiest for arrivals.

The damage caused by the quake was, however, much less than could have been expected for one of its size. The US Geological Survey said it was a very shallow quake – the focus six miles (10km) below the seabed – off Marmaris in Muğla province, Turkey.

Fraport, the German-led consortium managing 14 regional airports in Greece, said Kos airport was operating “only with slight delays” and these should lessen during the course of the day. It said the airport’s runways and buildings had all been “extensively checked” for possible damage.

Ferries to Kos were suspended after damage to the port. The UK Foreign Office has updated its travel advice to reflect the disruption that is likely to follow as a result.

The epicentre was just six miles south of the Turkish resort of Bodrum and 10 miles from Kos.

One of the dead was identified by the Turkish government as Sinan Kurdoglu, while the other man was a Swedish national. They were killed when the ceiling of a bar in the centre of Kos Town collapsed. Five other people in the bar – two Swedes, two Greeks and one Norwegian - were seriously injured and flown to Crete for medical treatment. One is reported to have sustained extensive leg injuries.

The quake, the second exceeding magnitude 6 to hit Greece’s coastal region bordering Turkey in recent weeks, produced more than 100 aftershocks. A second tremor measuring 5.1 struck 16 miles south of Leros, after the initial earthquake at 1.53am local time. Three further tremors measuring 4.6, 4.5 and 4.7 followed.

Television footage from Muğla province showed hundreds of people abandoning their buildings and waiting on the streets, as others ran away from buildings on roads.

Ethymios Lekkas, Greece’s top geology professor, said Kos should expect to be rattled by aftershocks “for up to two weeks”. He added that for an earthquake of such magnitude, the damage had been very limited. A similar 6.2-magnitude quake that hit Lesbos last month caused much greater destruction.

“With the exception of our two fellow human beings who died, the effects have been very small,” Lekkas said. “We have had a very big earthquake of 6.5 and only the port and two very big buildings have really been affected by it, which is very important and shows the level of construction.”

He said the aftershocks would gradually reduce tectonic tension in the region. “They will be well under five on the scale and won’t cause a problem,” he said. “I am not worried. Buildings on the island have shown great resilience because they have been constructed to strict antiseismic criteria.”

Lekkas also clarified that the wave caused by the quake and witnessed in Kos port was much smaller than originally reported. “It did not exceed 70 cm and was very small,” he said.

Yiannis Glynou, who heads the technical chamber in the Dodecanese islands, is in Kos surveying the impact on buildings. He told the Greek news agency AMNA: “The damage is limited to old stone buildings. New buildings on the island, including numerous hotel units, are showing almost none or no problems.”

A Greek government spokesman, Dimitris Tzanakopoulos, said that in contrast to the Lesbos quake the damage on Kos was limited. “Slowly, slowly life is returning to normality,” he said.

The UK Foreign Office has advised British tourists to follow the advice of local authorities and tour operators.

More than 600 people died in October 2011 in Turkey’s eastern province of Van after a 7.2 magnitude quake and powerful aftershocks. In 1999, two massive earthquakes killed about 20,000 people in the densely populated north-west of the country. A 5.9-magnitude quake in 1999 killed 143 people in Greece.


Dec 17th 2016

 A magnitude 7.9 earthquake has struck off the east coast of Papua New Guinea, according to reports. 

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre says widespread hazardous tsunami waves are possible.

The centre said tsunami waves were possible in the next three hours along some coasts of not only Papua New Guinea but also Indonesia, the Solomon Islands, Pohnpei, Chuuk, Nauru, Kosrae and Vanuatu.

New Zealand's Ministry of Civil Defence has also issued a warning for all of the country's coast. A spokesman said: "We're continuing to assess the situation this stage we are advising New Zealanders to stay off the beaches, stay out of the water, not to go sightseeing and to listen to the radio and TV." 

The earthquake struck 60km to the east of Taron on Saturday, the US Geological Survey (USGS) said. There are no reports of casualties.

The USGS added: "Overall, the population in this region resides in structures that are vulnerable to earthquake shaking...some casualties and damage are possible."

Papua New Guinea sits on the Ring of Fire, the arc of seismic faults around the Pacific Ocean where earthquakes are common.

More follows...

Nov 21st



    NOVEMBER 21 2016.





Nov 13th

 A tsunami has hit New Zealand's South Island after a series of powerful earthquakes struck across the centre of the country. 

New Zealand's Geonet says the majority of the quakes were on land.

The largest quake was 7.4 magnitude, according to the United States Geological Survey.

It hit 57 miles (91km) from the the city of Christchurch, which was badly damaged by one that measured 6.3 in 2011.

The initial tremor was followed by several aftershocks, further north and also inland - including a several above magnitude 6.

The February 2011 tremor was just a few miles outside of New Zealand's third biggest town and caused widespread damage and left 185 people dead.

The US Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said there was no risk of a tsunami from the first quake which struck just after midnight on Monday, local time.

But NZ civil defence later revised the warning, saying anyone near the east coast of the South Island should move to higher ground.

There are reports that waves of up to two metres may have hit the Kaikoura area.

The civil defence tweeted: "A tsunami has been generated, the first wave has arrived in the North Eastern Coast of the South Island."

It added: "The first wave may not be the largest. Waves may continue for several hours. Waves are expected to arrive at the Chatham islands immediately - anyone in the Chathams should move to high ground urgently."

Geonet, which describes itself as the official source of geological hazard information for the country, listed dozens of quakes between 6.6 and 3.8 after 12.02am local time.

The relatively shallow first quake occurred at a depth of six miles (10km). Shallow tremors are said to be felt more strongly on the surface.

Strong jolts were reported over 120 miles (200km) away in the capital, Wellington, where at least several tweeters posted pictures of damage to their homes and other buildings.

Witnesses in Christchurch have told Sky News that the tremors lasted for a longer time that previous quakes but were less intense.

But others further north described strong shaking, with some calling the feeling "weird".

One Tweeter, Rick Kiesseg, posted: "Primary New Zealand #earthquake lasted about a minute. Long, long, long shake and roll. About 17 aftershocks so far, biggest mag 6.1"

More follows...

Nov 11th

CUSHING, Okla. (AP) — Dozens of buildings sustained "substantial damage" after a 5.0 magnitude earthquake struck an Oklahoma town that's home to one of the world's key oil hubs, but officials said Monday that no damage has been reported at the oil terminal.

 Cushing City Manager Steve Spears said 40 to 50 buildings were damaged in Sunday's earthquake, which was the third in Oklahoma this year with a magnitude of 5.0 or greater. No major injuries have been reported, and Spears said the damage included cracks to buildings and fallen bricks and facades.

 Oklahoma has had thousands of earthquakes in recent years, with nearly all traced to the underground injection of wastewater left over from oil and gas production. Sunday's quake was centered 1 mile west of Cushing and about 25 miles south of where a magnitude 4.3 quake forced a shutdown of several wells last week. Some longtime Cushing residents said Monday they've become accustomed to the unsettled ground beneath their feet. Others shrugged it off as a cost of doing business living next to an oil hub.

 Fearing aftershocks, police cordoned off older parts of the city about 50 miles northeast of Oklahoma City to keep gawkers away late Sunday, and geologists confirmed that several small quakes have rumbled the area. Spears said an assisted living community had been evacuated after damage was reported. The Cushing Public School District canceled Monday classes.

 The Oklahoma Department of Transportation reported Sunday night that no highway or bridge damage was found within a 15-mile radius of the earthquake's epicenter.

 The quake struck at 7:44 p.m. Sunday and was felt as far away as Iowa, Illinois and Texas. The U.S. Geological Survey initially said Sunday's quake was of magnitude 5.3 but later lowered the reading to 5.0.

In recent years, Oklahoma regulators have asked oil and gas producers to either close wastewater injection wells or cut back on the volume of fluids injected. The reductions have generally led to a drop-off in quakes and their severity, though not always.

 Oklahoma's strongest quake on record, a magnitude 5.8 temblor on Sept. 3, occurred in Pawnee, on the fringe of an area that had already restricted wastewater disposal. Shortly afterward, geologists speculated on whether the temblor occurred on a previously unknown fault.

 Oklahoma Geological Survey geophysicist Jefferson Chang said Sunday's quake and several aftershocks have been occurring on a fault line located about 2 miles west of Cushing.

 "The activity has been going on for the past year and a half or so," Chang said. "This is just a spike in the activity."

 Cushing's oil storage terminal is one of the world's largest. As of Oct. 28, tank farms in the countryside around Cushing held 58.5 million barrels of crude oil, according to data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The community bills itself as the "Pipeline Crossroads of the World."

 Cushing Assistant City Manager Jeremy Frazier said two pipeline companies had reported no trouble as of late Sunday but that the community hadn't heard from all companies. Gov. Mary Fallin tweeted that no damage was reported at the storage tanks at Cushing's oil storage terminal.

Oct 30th

A powerful earthquake has hit central Italy, striking communities already attempting to rebuild after a series of devastating tremors. 

Buildings already weakened by the earthquake in August, which left 298 people dead, and two massive aftershocks last week, finally collapsed after the strike early on Sunday morning.

The magnitude was recorded at 6.6, with a depth of 10km, and if that stands, it would make it the most powerful earthquake to hit the country in 36 years.

In the town of Norcia, near Perugia, in the region of Umbria, nuns and monks fled into the street as a cathedral and a church, which had been left standing after the recent earthquakes, crumbled.

Oct 5th 2016

AMATRICE: -- Pope Francis has made a surprise visit to Amatrice and other towns in central Italy devastated by an earthquake six weeks ago.

 The Vatican had kept the trip secret until Francis’ arrival.

 The head of the Catholic Church had expressed his wish that it be made in private in order to be closer to those affected.

 wanted to come earlier but I didn’t because I thought that, in the first days of so much pain, my visit could have perhaps been more a hindrance than a help.’‘

 Nearly 300 people were killed and 4,000 left homeless by August’s 6.2 magnitude quake.

 Most of the buildings in Amatrice, which was virtually destroyed, were either flattened or considered too badly damaged to live in.

Sept 11th Tanzania

DAR ES SALAAM, Tanzania (AP) — A 5.7-magnitude earthquake shook the Lake Victoria region of East Africa on Saturday, killing at least 11 people in Tanzania, a police official said. The country's president said that many were dead.

 The quake was felt as far away as western Kenya and parts of Uganda, which share the waters of Lake Victoria. Tremors were also felt in Kigali, Rwanda.

 The 11 who died in Tanzania were in brick structures in the town of Bukoba, said Augustine Olomi, regional police commander for the Kagera region.

 A statement from the Tanzanian president's office said that he was "shocked by reports of the earthquake that caused the death of many people, injury to others and destruction of property."

 The statement didn't provide specific figures on casualties.

 Saturday's quake was shallow, occurring at a depth of 10 kilometers (six miles). Shallow quakes generally tend to be more damaging than deeper quakes.

 Seismic waves from deep quakes have to travel farther to the surface, losing energy along the way, while the shaking from shallow quakes is more intense.

Earthquake in Italy

Aug 24th.

At least 38 people are believed to have been killed and many more unaccounted for after a strong earthquake struck central Italy, causing extensive damage to buildings and blackouts. 

As dawn broke, emergency services and residents were scrambling to rescue people trapped under the ruins of razed old buildings, digging with shovels, bulldozers and even their bare hands to reach survivors.

Dazed and frightened families - some in tears - could be seen huddling in the streets, wrapped in blankets.

Ten people were reportedly killed in Pescara del Tronto, in the Marche region, to the east of the epicentre.

Among the dead were an elderly couple who died when their home collapsed.

Seventy-five-year-old Rocco Girardi was brought out alive from the carnage in Arquata del Tronto.

Aleandro Petrucci, the village's mayor, said Pescara was one of "two or three hamlets that have just completely disintegrated".

The mayor of Accumoli, where two bodies have so far been recovered, said he had seen no signs of life from a family of four, including two children, trapped under debris.

"Now that daylight has come, we see that the situation is even more dreadful than we feared," said Stefano Petrucci.

Sergio Perozzi, mayor of Amatrice, a remote town in northern Lazio devastated by the quake, told state-run RAI radio that buildings had collapsed and lights had gone out across the town centre.

"The town isn't here anymore," said Mr Perozzi. "The aim is now to save as many lives as possible. There are voices under the rubble, we have to save the people there."

Several bodies have so far been found among the rubble, but images also showed survivors - including a woman and a child - being pulled out alive from beneath the ruins, as well as a dog rescued.

At the town's badly damaged hospital, patients were reportedly being moved out into the streets.

The quake struck just after 3.30am local time and was felt across a large swathe of the country, including in Rome, where people in the historic centre were woken by rattling furniture and swaying light-fittings, followed by aftershocks.

"It was so strong. It seemed the bed was walking across the room by itself with us on it," said Lina Mercantini, of Cesalli, Umbria.

Pope Francis prayed with the crowds at his general audience at the Vatican on Wednesday for victims and survivors, saying: "Hearing the mayor of Amatrice say that the town no longer exists and hearing that there are children among the victims, I am deeply saddened."

The European Mediterranean Seismological Centre said the epicentre was northeast of Rome, near Norcia in Umbria, while the US Geological Survey (USGS) put the magnitude at 6.2.

In 2009 a 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck in L'Aquila, 55 miles south of the latest quake, killing more than 300 people.

Ecuador is still reeling from its worst earthquake in almost seven decades.

At least 587 people were killed in Saturday’s magnitude-7.8 ‘quake. More than 8,000 were injured, 155 people are still missing and close to 2,000 buildings were damaged, according to government figures.

Some 657 aftershocks were felt in the days leading up to Thursday and more are expected.

April 17th Equador


  * MAGNITUDE      7.7

  * ORIGIN TIME    2359 UTC APR 16 2016


  * DEPTH          10 KM / 6 MILES













TOKYO (AP) — An offshore earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 6.1 shook a wide swath of central and western Japan on Friday. No tsunami warning was issued, and there were no immediate reports of damage or injuries.

The Japan Meteorological Agency said the earthquake struck at 11:39 a.m. (0239 GMT) off the Pacific coast of Japan at a depth of 10 kilometers (6 miles).

The epicenter was about 170 kilometers (105 miles) southeast of Osaka, and roughly 80 kilometers (50 miles) from where the leaders of the G-7 nations will meet for their annual summit in May.


March 2nd

A massive quake struck on Wednesday off the Indonesian island of Sumatra, a region devastated by the 2004 Indian Ocean quake and tsunami, but initial fears of another region-wide disaster faded as tsunami warnings were cancelled.

Indonesian and Australian authorities called off their tsunami alerts within two hours of the 7.8 magnitude tremor, though it was still unclear if the quake had destroyed any buildings or killed people in Sumatra.

A National Search and Rescue Agency official gave an initial report of some deaths, but later withdrew those comments.

"Up until now, there is no information about deaths," said Heronimus Guru, the agency's deputy head of operations.

Any rescue operation will be hampered by the dark, which falls early in the tropical archipelago.

There were no immediate reports of damage, but the shallower a quake, the more dangerous it is. The U.S. Geological Survey originally put the magnitude at 8.2, revising it down to 7.8.

The epicentre was 808 km (502 miles) southwest of the coastal city of Padang. It was 24 km (15 miles) deep, it said, after first putting its depth at 10 km.

"So far there have been no reports (of damage)," Andi Eka Sakya, head of the National Meteorological Agency, told TVOne. "In Bengkulu (in southwest Sumatra) they didn't feel it at all."

The National Disaster Mitigation Agency said a tsunami was unlikely.

"Local governments of the city of Padang and some other areas in west Sumatra have said there was no tsunami and the warning can now be revoked," spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said.

President Joko Widodo was staying overnight at a hotel in Medan in North Sumatra and was safe, palace officials said. A Medan resident said he did not feel the quake.

Erwin, a resident of Mentawai, a chain of islands off Sumatra, told Metro TV: "I am at the beach currently looking to see any tsunami sign with my flashlight. There's nothing. A few minutes have passed but nothing, but many people have already evacuated to higher places."

On Pagai, an island off the west coast of Sumatra, resident Jois Zaluchu told Reuters by phone that there were no reports of damage or casualties there.

But Kompas TV said patients at hospitals in Padang were being evacuated. A TVOne reporter said Padang residents were panicking and there were heavy traffic jams.

Indonesia, especially Aceh, was badly hit by the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004.

A 9.15-magnitude quake opened a fault line deep beneath the ocean on Dec. 26, 2004, triggering a wave as high as 17.4 meters (57 feet) that crashed ashore in more than a dozen countries to wipe some communities off the map in seconds.

The disaster killed 126,741 people in Aceh alone.

Indonesia straddles the so-called "Pacific Ring of Fire", a highly seismically active zone, where different plates on the earth's crust meet and create a large number of earthquakes and volcanoes.

Scientist says governments are ignoring threat of a piece of rock as big as the Isle of Man crashing into the Atlantic

It has everything you could wish for in a cliche-ridden disaster movie. A beautiful volcanic island in the Atlantic is on the brink of catastrophic collapse, threatening to unleash giant waves that will wreak havoc around the globe within hours. And while scientists try in vain to make their concerns heard, the world's governments look the other way.

But yesterday a leading expert claimed the doom-laden scenario was not only real but was being almost completely ignored by people in power.

Bill McGuire, the director of the Benfield Grieg Hazard Research Centre at University College London, said a huge chunk of rock, roughly the size of the Isle of Man, was on the brink of breaking off the volcanic island of La Palma in the Canaries.

When - Professor McGuire says it is not a matter of if - the rock plunges into the ocean it will trigger giant waves called mega-tsunamis.

Travelling at speeds of up to 560mph, the huge walls of water will tear across the ocean and hit islands and continents, leaving a trail of destruction.

Mega-tsunami waves are much longer than the ones we are used to.

"When one of these comes in, it keeps on coming for 10 to 15 minutes," Prof McGuire said.

"It's like a huge wall of water that just keeps coming."

Computer models of the island's collapse show the first regions to be hit, with waves topping 100 metres (330ft), will be the neighbouring Canary Islands. Within a few hours the west coast of Africa will be battered with similar-sized waves.

Between nine and 12 hours after the island collapses, waves between 20 and 50 metres high will have crossed 4,000 miles of ocean to crash into the Caribbean islands and the eastern seaboard of the US and Canada.

The worst-hit will be harbours and estuaries, which will channel the waves inland. The loss of life and destruction to property will probably be immense, according to Prof McGuire.

Britain would not escape entirely, he added. Waves of around 10 metres are likely to strike the south coast four to five hours after the island collapses, causing damage to seaside resorts and ports.

Such devastating natural disasters are rare, occurring on average every 10,000 years. But La Palma could collapse much sooner than that. "The thing about La Palma is we know it's on the move now," Prof McGuire said.

The island came to the attention of scientists in 1949 when its volcano, Cumbre Vieja, erupted, causing a huge chunk of its western flank to drop four metres into the ocean. Scientists believe the chunk of land is still slipping slowly into the water, and say another eruption is likely to make the entire western flank collapse. "When it goes, it will likely collapse in around 90 seconds," Prof McGuire said.


Despite the potential scale of the threat, little is being done to monitor the geological activity of La Palma. Only a few seismometers have been set up on the precarious western flank of the island, which do not provide enough information to predict when another eruption might occur.

"It's really a worrying situation," Prof McGuire said. "It will almost certainly go during an eruption. The problem is that with just a few seismometers on the island, we may not get the notice we need."

The scientist called for an international effort to install more sophisticated sensors on the island, as well as global positioning satellite units to detect how quickly the land mass was falling into the ocean. "We need to have better monitoring so we know when an eruption is about to happen," he said. Such a system could cost as little as a few hundred thousand dollars.

"The US government must be aware of the La Palma threat. They should certainly be worried, and so should the island states in the Caribbean that will really bear the brunt of a collapse.

"They're not taking it seriously. Governments change every four to five years and generally they're not interested in these things."

Even with new monitoring equipment in place, La Palma presents a difficult problem for those charged with mitigating against natural disasters.

Little can be done to protect against the waves produced when La Palma collapses. Barriers would not be able to sustain the battering, and breaking the island apart before it collapses is either too dangerous or time-consuming.

New sensors could warn of an impending eruption two weeks in advance. But no one knows whether the island will collapse during the next eruption, or in an eruption that will not happen for centuries.

Ordering mass evacuations would have a huge financial impact that could cause resentment if it turned out to be a false alarm. The disaster could affect up to 100 million people from the coast of Africa to the Canary islands and the east coast of North America.

"The future president of the US has got to make a call at some point, that when La Palma erupts, what is he going to do?" Prof McGuire said.

"Is he going to evacuate all the major cities on the east coast? If he gets it wrong, nobody's ever going to pay attention again and he'll be out of a job."

If you wish to comment on this story you can do so in the comment box at the bottom of this page, and I encourage you to do so.

Earthquakes are one of the geological threats that can steal any moments of our life because it can occur any time without any notice. A little knowledge and some safety tips can enormously increase your chances of surviving an event.

We should educate ourselves and our family for we might not be there to protect our love ones and our family when it strikes. We will give you safety tips below that can make a life-saving difference if you or your family are in this terrifying situation. advises you to always be aware that quakes can happen at any time. Be ready all the time and always STAY CALM and REMEMBER the safety tips

Take particular note of your animals and watch for any strange behavior, they are better able to sense strange sounds and vibration and can often warn you went danger threatens.

My sister would always remind me that when a tremor happens and she is not there to protect me to always consider protecting myself from falling objects by covering myself with a strong table, chair or any hard object.

When I was a teenager and a quake strikes while I was cooking my sister shouted me “turn off the stove” and if you still have time turn off the gas and electricity supplies main switch.

If you are outdoors, don’t get in a panic but do move to an open area where you think there are no falling objects and stay away from buildings, power lines and trees.

My dad has been a taxi driver for 20 years, I remember my mom always reminding my dad that if he is driving during an earthquake, he should slow down smoothly and stop on the side of the road and avoid bridges, overpasses, power lines, trees and large signs.

·When the shaking stops there is a very important thing that we advise you that there is a possibility that a tsunami might happen SO STAY ALERT AND be prepared, pick up your grab-bag and your battery operated radio.

Keep yourself updated with the news, if you live near the sea watch for signs of the water suddenly receding as this is a sure sign that a big wave is coming, if you see this get to a higher location immediately. 

We advise you to check the damages to your house before entering to avoid injuries.

A quake can occur at any time but with our experienced safety tips you will always be better able to cope with any emergency.

Fortunately with modern communication systems these dangerous situations can be monitored easily and warnings issued by local government, civil defense, police, local radio and television

Study the chart below, just remember that each step is 10 times more powerful than the step below. ie an 8 is 100 times more than a 6.

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